Phonology of Yaghnobi July 25, 2007Posted by آستان in Phonology, Yaghnobi.
Concerning phonology of Yaghnobi language, there are many aspects not clearly solved yet. The only available work about this problematique is an old article by V. S. Sokolova in Očerki po fonetike iranskix jazykov, unfortunately I haven’t seen this work yet. From two main articles by A. L. Xromov I tried to compile the basis of Yaghnobi phonological structure. I tried to add some actual observations I made during the Summer School of Yaghnobi in Ravenna – some features I consulted with Sayfiddin Mirzozoda to improve my knowledge of present phonology of the language.
The main difference in the system as was presented by Xromov is a different pronunciation of pharyngeals, they do not keep its original Arabic sounds but merge with sounds native to the language. Other interesting feature is that difference between short and long vowels seams to dessapear slowly, instead of quantity the quality is becoming more important – Vinogradova notes, that in present language vowel quantity is of less importance and a short vowel can become long under the influence of stress. Also an /ү/ sound seams to be only a dialectal feature instead to be a part of the vocalic system of “common Yaghnobi”
A. L. Xromov: Jagnobskij jazyk. Moskva 1972.
A. L. Xromov: Jagnobskij jazyk. In: V. S. Rastorgujeva (ed.): Osnovy iranskogo jazykoznanija. Novoiranskije jazyki II – Vostočnaja gruppa. Moskva 1987; pp. 644-701.
V. S. Sokolova: Jagnobskij jazyk. In: V. S. Sokolova: Očerki po fonetike iranskix jazykov. Moskva – Leningrad 1953, pp. 59-57.
S. P. Vinogradova: Jagnobskij jazyk. In: Jazyki mira. Iranskije jazyki III – Vostočnoiranskije jazyki. Moskva 2000, pp. 290-310.
Update: I updated the tables according to present state of IPA, the only changes I did are the phonetic symbols for /š/ and /ž/ and a reinterpretation of phonology of /w/.