Yaghnobi copular clauses March 19, 2007Posted by Bahrom in Linguistics, Semantics, Syntax, Yaghnobi.
I just finished writing the first draft of an article on Yaghnobi copular clauses. I’m posting it with the hope that I can get some feedback on my description and analysis. The article is attached here:
Yaghnobi Copular Clauses See the update at the end of this post for a revised version of this article.
Here is an overview of the article:
The basic sequence of elements in copular clauses is subject-predicate where the subject is an NP and the predicate consists of a nominal element followed by a copula. (By subject, I mean the noun phrase that is being described, and by predicate I mean the description. I am not using the term subject in the sense of a grammatical relation.) The nominal element can be an NP, a locative NP, or an adjective. The first section of the article describes the morphology of copulas: conjugation for number, tense, and person, and contractions.
There are two copulas in the Yaghnboi language. The first, xæst ‘be’, is used in sentences describing location, equation, proper inclusion, and attribution. The other, аst ‘be, have’, is used for possession and existence. The second section of the article describes each of these copular functions.
Update 7/27/08: I have incorporated the valuable comments and critique I received from readers of this blog and have rewritten this article as a chapter in my MA Thesis, Aspects of Yahgnobi Grammar. You can download the revised version here: Copular Clauses.
Givon, T. 2001. Syntax, An introduction. Vol. I. Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Payne, Thomas E. 1997. Describing Morphosyntax: A guide for field linguists. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.